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Luxembourg Alternative Investment Funds (AIF)

The Commission de Surveillance du Secteur Financier (CSSF) is a public institution which supervises the professionals and products of the Luxembourg financial sector. It supervises, regulates, authorises, informs, and, where appropriate, carries out on-site inspections and issues sanctions.

About Luxembourg Alternative Investment Funds (AIF)

AIF refers broadly to all funds outside the Undertaking for Collective Investment in Transferable Securities (UCITS) regime. This includes investment funds exposed to traditional mainstream strategies and, in some cases, funds available to retail investors.
Once approved in one EU Member State, an AIF can be distributed in all other EU Member States using the EU Product Passport (exactly like UCITS), as the AIFMD aims to replicate the UCITS success story for alternative investment fund.

AIFs: target investors

“Well-informed investors”, i.e.:

  • Institutional investors (e.g. banks, insurance companies, pension funds, etc.)
  • Professional investors (e.g. high-net-worth individuals)

Any other investor who:

  • confirms in writing that they fulfil the status of “well-informed investor”; AND
  • invests at least €125,000; OR
  • provides a bank confirmation (or similar).

AIFs are lightly regulated and can follow different strategies (this means that they can be risky for ordinary people – so tell your grandma to invest in UCITS only!)
AIF-eligible investors can also invest in UCITS, but in principle not vice versa!

Key Features

  • Fits for investors with higher investments (e.g. institutional investors)
  • ALL investment types are possible (e.g. private equity, real estate, infrastructure, aircraft and any other investment that is ineligible for UCITS)
  • Lower investment restrictions, since the target investors need less protection than a retail client (like your grandma)
  • Higher performance but riskier

Luxembourg Alternative Investment Funds (AIF) Legal Requirements

Requirements Description
  1. Applicable legislation

Luxembourg Law of 13 February 2007

  1. Supervising Authority

Commission de Surveillance du Secteur Financier (CSSF)

  1. Corporate vehicle permitted

Common Fund (FCP)

Investment Company-variable capital (SICAV)

Investment Company-fixed capital (SICAF)

Limited Partnership

  1. Minimum Capital
  1. Directors / Partners / Trustees
    • Minimum number


    • Corporate Directors / Partners / Trustees allowed


    • Local Directors / Partners / Trustees required


  1. Fund functionaries required
    • Custodian
      • Custodian required
      • Local custodian required


      • Eligible custodian

Licensed Financial institution

Licensed Trustee services provider

Any other person as the authority may approve

    • Fund manager / Investment manager
      • Fund manager required
      • Local fund manager required


      • Fund manager requires to be licensed


      • Eligible fund manager

Licensed Fund Manager

    • Fund administrator
      • Fund administrator required
      • Local fund administrator required


      • Eligible fund administrator

Luxembourg licensed fund administrator or

Approved Foreign Administrator

    • External auditor
      • External auditor required
      • Local external auditor required


      • Eligible external auditor

Qualified/Approved auditor

Luxembourg statutory auditor with appropriate professional experience

  1. Asset Requirements
    • Restriction on type of asset class invested


    • Asset diversification requirements


    • Limitation on size of the fund or total assets under management


  1. Local physical office required


  1. Prospectus / Offering Memorandum required to be filed


  1. Eligible for listing


  1. Estimated license processing duration

3-6 months

Ongoing Obligations

Requirements Description
Monthly obligations
Office Required
Quarterly obligations
Annual obligations
Submit annual audited accounts to CSSF for the financial year end
Other obligations

Notify CSSF of any of the following changes:

Change in the registered office address

Change of its agent in Luxembourg

Change in name or address of-

  • each director of the fund, if the fund is a company
  • each trustee of the fund, if the fund is a trust
  • each general partner of the fund, if the fund is a limited partnership.

Appointment, resignation or removal of a Director or officer

Tax Obligations and Other Exemptions
Requirements Description
Business Tax
Investment funds created under the AIF Law pay an annual subscription tax of 0.01% of their net asset value on the last day of every calendar quarter.
Withholding Tax
No withholding tax upon distribution to investors unless EU Savings Directive applies.
Net Worth Tax
Not subject to net worth tax
Subscription Tax
Certain money market and pension funds or AIFs investing in other funds which are already subject to subscription tax are exempt from subscription tax.
Capital Duty
No capital duty applies on incorporation of the corporate form (except a registration duty of €75)
Value Added Tax (VAT)
No VAT on Management services – except mere technical services – provided to a AIF are exempt from Luxembourg VAT
Stamp duty Act
Mutual funds are exempt from payment of stamp duty

Benefits of a Luxembourg Alternative Investment Funds (AIF) :

  • Internationally recognised investment fund industry;
  • Reputable regulatory environment owing to its accessibility, knowledge and responsiveness of the regulator;
  • Political, economic and social environment’s stability as well as stable legal environment;
  • Favourable tax environment;
  • Attractive jurisdiction for institutional investors; and
  • Luxembourg investment funds benefit from a product passport, enabling them to be marketed to investors in the European Union (EU) and European Economic Area (EEA).