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Malta Alternative Investment Fund

The Malta Financial Services Authority (MFSA) regulates Alternative Investment funds within the Investment Services Act in July of 2013. This Act sets out the guidelines pertaining to the application and licensing of Alternative Investment Funds in Malta.

About Malta Alternative Investment Fund

A Malta Alternative Investment Fund (“AIFs”) are a pan-European branded investment fund created with the sophisticated and professional investor in mind. AIFs are an EU regulated product which derived as a consequence of the Alternative Investment Fund Managers Directive (“AIFMD”). AIFs may opt for either a self-managed structure or an externally managed structure. 

Malta Alternative Investment Fund Legal Requirements



  1. Applicable legislation

Investment Services Act (Cap. 370 of the Laws of Malta)

  1. Supervising Authority

Malta Financial Services Authority (MFSA)

  1. Corporate vehicle permitted

A limited partnership or partnership en commandite;

A unit trust, constituted by a trust deed between a management company and a trustee;

A mutual fund;

An investment company with variable share capital (“SICAV”);

An investment company with fixed share capital (“INVCO”).

SICAVs can also be established as umbrella funds.

  1. Share capital or equivalent

    • Minimum subscription

EUR 300,000

    • Minimum investors


  1. Directors / Partners / Trustees

      • Minimum number


    • Corporate Directors / Partners / Trustees allowed


    • Local Directors / Partners / Trustees required


  1. Fund functionaries required

    • Custodian

      • Custodian required


      • Local custodian required


      • Eligible custodian

Any other person as the authority may approve who is independent of the manager or administrator.

    • Fund manager / Investment manager

      • Fund manager required


      • Local fund manager required


      • Fund manager requires to be licensed


      • Eligible fund manager

Must be in possession of Category 2 Investment Services License and Licenced as an Alternative Investment Fund Manager.

    • Fund administrator

      • Fund administrator required


      • Local fund administrator required


      • Eligible fund administrator

Any licensed fund manager provided such administrator is recognized by the MFSA.

    • External auditor

      • External auditor required


      • Local external auditor required


      • Eligible external auditor

Foreign or local auditor satisfying conditions as may be prescribed by the Commission.

  1. Asset Requirements

    • Restriction on type of asset class invested


    • Asset diversification requirements


    • Limitation on size of the fund or total assets under management


  1. Local physical office required


  1. Prospectus / Offering Memorandum required to be filed


  1. Eligible for listing


  1. License fees

    • License application fee

USD 2,000

    • Annual license fee

USD 2,000

  1. Estimated license processing duration

3 months

Ongoing Obligations

Requirements Description
Monthly obligations
Office Required
Quarterly obligations
Annual obligations
Submit annual audited accounts to AFSA within 6 months following the end of the AIF’s financial year
Other obligations
An AIFM must ensure that certain information is available to investors prior to investment. Any material changes to information previously given in this respect must also be communicated to investors. Meanwhile, the AIFM is required to report to the MFSA on the principal markets and instruments in which it trades on behalf of the AIFs under management as well as on the principal exposures and most important concentrations of those AIFs
Tax Obligations and Other Exemptions
Requirements Description
Business Tax
Withholding Tax
A withholding tax of reduced rate varies between 10% and 15% depending on the type of investment Income.
Capital Duty
Payroll Tax
Real Property Tax
Social Security
Value Added Tax (VAT)
VAT is not applicable to mutual funds in its entirety.
Stamp duty Act
2% or 5%
Trades Tax Act
Immovable Property Transfer Restriction Act
The transfer of real property is subject to a tax of 12%, imposed on the assessed value of the property or the sale proceeds, whichever is greater.
Immigration Decree
Exchange Control Act
There are no foreign exchange control restrictions
Foreign Earnings Act
Grants a foreign Tax credit equal to 25% of the net income allocated to the foreign income account of a company

Benefits of a Malta Alternative Investment Fund:

  • Ease and speed of establishment
  • Flexible structuring of the entity
  • Favourable compliance restrictions
  • Friendly regulatory environment